In this unit you will gain a basic understanding of Islamic beliefs and practices; the qualities and practices of Muhammad; the impact of Muhammad's life on Muslims today. You will explore the Five Pillars of Islam, preconceptions of Islamic beliefs and Islam in the UK.
Islam is the second largest religion in the world with over 1 billion followers. There are around 2 millions Muslims in Britain, around 2.7% of the population.
The word 'Islam' in Arabic means submission to the will of God.
Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims believe there is one true God Allah (the Arabic word for God)
Muslims believe that Islam was revealed over 1400 years ago in Mecca, Arabia through a man called Muhammad. Muhammad is so revered that it is usual for Muslims to say 'peace be upon him' whenever they mention his name. Muhammad is believed by Muslims to be the last prophet sent by God (Allah).
The Muslim holy book is called the Qur'an. Muslims believe this to be the word of Allah as dictated to Muhammad. A Qur’an can be found within a Mosque. Muslims worship in a building called a Mosque. On Friday at noon, the most important of the weekly services is held. When Muslims pray, they must always face Makkah.
The Five Pillars of Islam
The most important Muslim practices are the Five Pillars of Islam.
The Five Pillars of Islam are the five obligations that every Muslim must satisfy in order to live a good and responsible life according to Islam.
The Five Pillars consist of:
Why are they important?
Useful websites/ articles: